1. Three steps towards a hierarchy of needs for smart cities

    Undeniably, smart cities are the wave of the future, providing one of the most intriguing and innovative applications for the internet of things (IoT), and offering untold benefits for governments and citizens around service provision, quality of life, security and sustainability in an increasingly uncertain and dangerous world. However the deployment and smooth running of smart city projects have yet to be fully worked out.

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    1. We need to put in place more underlying technologies and networks to enable smart city technologies to be employed more effectively.
    2. Smart city technology has a role to play in socio-economic challenges. However, it has to be underpinned by other technologies. I think of digital inclusion, for example, and poor areas are nearly always the same areas with the lowest rates of broadband penetration.
    3. At that scale you have many challenges, but smart cities should not just be focused on cities of that scale, because all cities have challenges.
    4. This is the way we try to educate cities not to procure too fast, to look around and find out how to create your solution.
    5. More support for easier access to data in a non-siloed approach will maximise the value of that data, take away the pain for developers, and support innovative SMEs [small to medium-sized enterprises] that will drive smart city ecosystems forward.
    6. It's not just about knitting together technologies, but management and process, and making sure the city is able to make use of technology effectively to work better.
    7. Things get murky once the technology is done – and there will be a huge surge forward in the next decade – but after all that fun, the question will be, who owns it?
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